About Cyprus

Cyprus is third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Its total area is 3.572 sq. miles. Cyprus is not only a young independent republic since 1960, but also an ancient island, with eleven thousand years of history. Due to the strategic location and at the meeting point of great civilizations, has been one of the critical factors influencing the course of the island’s history throughout the centuries.

 Location

Cyprus is located between Europe, Asia and Africa. It is close to the shipping and air routes linking Europe with the Middle East and the Far East, as well as the North Africa, creating a strategic hub, in that whole region, for business activities. Cyprus is less than an hour flight from Lebanon, Syria, Jordan or Egypt.

 Weather

Cyprus has a nice weather almost all over the year, with 300 days of sunshine. The pleasant climate has dry summers and mild winters. It usually rains between November and March. The coldest month is January -temperatures between 6 and 13 °C (43 and 55° F), whereas August is the hottest month - temperatures between 21 and 36 °C (70 and 97 °F).

Time

The island is two hours ahead of Greenwich meantime, one hour behind of Saudi Arabia, seven hours ahead of New York, seven hours behind Tokyo, and in the same time zone as Athens.

 Population

The estimated population of Cyprus is 1,172,458 (July 2014 estimate)

 Languages

The official languages of the Cyprus are Greek and Turkish. The majority of Cypriots (more than 80%) speak Greek and around 12% speak Turkish.

English is widely spoken and extensively used in Commerce and Government. There are private schools, colleges and/or universities that teach in English in all of the major towns in Cyprus.

 Education

It is compulsory for all from the age of 5 years. The system of education consists of six years elementary education and six years of secondary education.

In addition to state schools, there are private schools in all towns, most of which the basic teaching language is English. There are private English teaching schools, colleges and/or universities in all major towns in Cyprus. Some of them provide UK university degrees while you are in Cyprus, at almost half the cost of a degree in the UK.

Crime Rate

Cyprus has a very low rate of crime. You cannot even compare it with other Mediterranean countries.

 Government & International Relations

In 1960, Cyprus became an independent Republic and adopted a governmental structure according to Western democracies. The President is elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. The council of Ministers are appointed by the President (the head of the State).

The legislative power is in the hands of the House of Representatives, who are also elected for a five year term. A multi-party system is active, while the electoral system is based on proportional representation. Cyprus has an efficient civil service, with highly trained personnel, many of which hold academic qualifications.

Cyprus is a member of the European Union, the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organizations, the Commonwealth, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund.